During this session, I show that in the past few years there has been an increasing focus on agile culture. Based on my “Bird’s eye view on the agile forest”, I show that there are more and more agile frameworks that focus specifically on the agile culture. Next I wonder why so many agile transitions fail? I prove this with figures from the Standish Group and the illusion of agility. Then, based on several annual state of agile reports, I examine the main causes and makes comparisons between traditional and agile organizations. I conclude with a case study in which an organization of 600 IT employees is going through an agile transition and we are faced with the question of whether it is successful or not. And if not, what else can or should we do?